From BRUCE COPELAND
It would be useful if
We are long distant members of the
brought French words based on Latin. So English double-dipped into Latin. Australians brought English to PNG.
Let us explore a selection of Latin roots. We have a new way of looking at English. There are not just thousands of words. There are dozens of word groupings.
It would be good if the roots of words were returned to the class room. Students would enter a new world of language.
Ago (actus) – I do.
agent, act, actor, react, reagent, agile,
Ameas (amat) – Love, happy
amorous, amicable, amamas (tok pisin), amour (French) amo (Italian), amiable.
Aves –the birds
Cado ( cassus) – I fall
accident, cadence, cascade, decay, decadent, decadence.
Capio (captus) – I take
Capture, captive, captivate, escape, captivity
Caput – the head.
Cap, captain (English), Kapitano (Italian), Kapitain (Spanish)
capital, caption, decapitate, recapitulate.
Cedo (cessus) - I go
Proceed, procession, recede, recession, concede, concession
intercede, intercession, cede, cession, precede, precedent.
Centum – a hundred
Century, cent, centurion,
Cor – the heart
Cordial, core, Coeur (French), courage, courageous, courtesy,
Sacre Coeur ( French Catholic) Cor blimey ( English slang)
Corpus – the body
Corporal, corpse, corpulent, corporation. Corps,
Curro (cursus) – I run
Current, incur, incursion, recur, recurrent, course, cursory, cursive
Decius – ten
Decimal, decimate, decade,
Dens (dentis) – a tooth
Dentine, dentist, dental, denture, indent, indentation
Dico ( dictus) – I say
Predict, prediction, indict, indictment, diction, indicate,
indication, dicta-phone, dictionary,
Duco (ductus) – I lead
Duct, viaduct, oviduct, conduct, conductor, conduction
Duce ( Italian), reduce, reduction, deduce, deduction,
produce, product, production, introduce, introduction.
Facio ( factus) – I make
Factory, manufacture, facile,
Fero ( latus) - I bear
Refer, transfer, confer, reference, conference, relate,
translate, translation, collate
Finis – the end
Finish, pinis (tok pisin), finite, infinite, final, finality
Flecto (flectus) I bend
Flexible, inflexible, reflect, reflection, deflect, deflection.
flex, inflexion. reflex
Fort (fortus) – strong
Fort, fortitude, fortissimo ( Italian), Codral Forte
Frango ( fractus) – I break
Fragile, fraction, fracture, fragment
Fundo (fundus) – I pour
Fund, funnel, profound, refund
Ge –the earth
Geology, geography, geophysical,
Gradior – a slope
Grade, gradual, gradient, gradually, degrade,
Homeo – the same
Homo sapiens, homophobia, homosexual, homogeneous
Jacio (jectus) – I throw
Inject, injection, project, projection, projector, reject, rejection
eject, ejection, ejaculate, deject, conjecture, interject, interjection,
Legis – law
Legal, illegal, legislate, legislation, litigation
Lego (lectus) - I gather
Lecture, college, religion, lecturn, collect, collection
Manus – the hand
Manual, manuscript, manage, management
Mater – a mother
Maternal, matron, ma’am, mama,
Pars (partus) – a part
Part, particle, particular, partition, participate, apartment, compartment, repartee.
Pater – a father
Papa, paternal, patron, pastor,
Pleo – I fill
Complement, implement, implementation, supplement
Plico – I fold
Application, apply, reply, imply
Port, report, transport, transportation, import, importation,
export, exportation, deport, deportation, deportee, important.
Premo (pressus) – I press
Press, pressure, express, depress, impresario (Italian) supreme,
Rex (regis) – a rule
Regal, vice-regal, tyrannosaurus rex
Pono (possus) - I place
Postpone, opponent, expose, impose, repose, depose, deposit,
Scando (scandus) – I climb
Ascend, ascent, descend, descend, scandal
Secto (cidus)_ - I cut or kill
Dissect, dissection, bisect, intersect, intersection, suicide,
genocide, insecticide, spermacide, resection, section, sector,
Scribo ( scriptus) – I write
Describe, description, inscribe, inscription, conscription, scribe
scripture, scribble, prescribe, prescription,
Specio (spectus) I see
Special, specialty, inspect, inspection, respect, spectacles, species,
Tenio (tendus) – I hold
Tender, tendon, extend, intend, intention, contend, contention,
pretend, pretension, portend, tension,
Video (vissus) – I see
Video player, DVD, vision, visible, invisible,
Venio – I come
Venture, convene, convention, invent, convent, veni-vidi-vinci
(I came- I saw- I conquered)
Verto (versus) – I turn
Revert, reverse, inverse, converse, convert, conversion, versus
Vinco -_I conquer
Convince, vanquish, invincible, HMS Invincible.
Volvo (volvus) – I roll
Revolve, revolver, Volvo car, involve, revolution, convolution,
If you are interested in words, please keep these on your computer and run your eye down the list from time to time. I learned these words from Grades 7-12 from 1958 to 1963. I will never forget.
Bruce Copeland BA BEdSt
Teacher of English in PNG